# Risk Exposure

Question 1

Use the table below to answer the following questions:

 American Terms European Terms Bank A’s Quotations Bid Ask Bid Ask British pounds \$ 1.9712 \$ 1.9717 £ 0.5072 £ 0.5073 Euros \$ 1.4738 \$ 1.4742 € 0.6783 € 0.6785
1. What is ?
• What is ?
• Suppose Bank B provides a quote of GBP 0.7462-68 for the EUR. Demonstrate whether and how an arbitrage profit can be made.

Question 2

You are a U.S.-based treasurer with \$1,000,000 to invest. The dollar-euro exchange rate is quoted as \$1.50 = €1.00 and the dollar-pound exchange rate is quoted at \$2.00 = £1.00. If a bank quotes you a cross rate of £1.00 = €1.25, is there an arbitrage opportunity? If so, how much money would you make? Show all workings.

Question 3

A bank is quoting the following exchange rates against the dollar for the Swiss franc and the Australian dollar:

SFr/\$ = 1.5958–70

A\$/\$ = 1.7249–58

An Australian firm asks the bank for an A\$/SFr quote.  What cross-rate would the bank quote?

Question 4

Explain the differences between a long forward position and a short forward position. In your answer, illustrate the pay-off functions of these positions with graphs. Fully label your graphs. (note: you are welcome to draw them by hand, take a photo and attach it here)

Question 5

Suppose IBM has a liability of £1,000,000, payable in three months. The company wants to hedge foreign exchange risk using forward contracts. The current spot rate for the £ is \$1.2415/£, and the three-month forward rate is \$1.2492/£.

1. What forward position should IBM enter into?
2. Suppose the spot exchange rate in three months’ time is either \$1.2342/£ or \$1.2547/£. Using this example, demonstrate how the forward contract in part i helps IBM eliminates foreign exchange risk exposure.

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