Health Indicators

Illinois key health indicators

            Key health indicators in Illinois are fertility rate (53.8 births per 1,000 women), teen birth rate (13.6 per 1,000 females 15-19 years of age), infant mortality rate (5.3 infants deaths per 1,000 birth), life expectancy of 76.8 years in 2020, marriage rate (3.9 per 1,000), divorce rate (1.6 per 1,000), leading cause of death heart disease, drug overdose death (28.1 per 100,000), firearm injury death rate (14.1 per 100,000), homicide rate (11.2 per 100,000), Covid-19 death rate (12.9 per 100,000) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2023). Leading causes of death in Illinois are heart disease, cancer, Covid-19, accidents, stroke, chronic lower respiratory disease, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, kidney disease and influenza/pneumonia (CDC, 2023).

How Health indicators influence health status

            Health indicators like mortality and life expectancy for a specific population provides reliable, valuable information of an individual that is part of that population (Sokoya et al., 2022). When health indicators are well designed these directly measure individual health status and is a way to determine effective preventive initiatives and measure their outcomes (Sokoya et al., 2022). Health indicators are needed to give people an idea of the health status of that specific population and to help determine better health opportunities that can benefit the health for all and decrease the healthcare costs.

Direct and indirect burdens of health risk behaviors and disease in Illinois

            Some of the leading causes of death in Illinois on 2021 were heart disease (26,282 people), stroke (6,768 people), cancer (23,613 people), Alzheimer (4,028 people) and diabetes (3,388 people) (Illinois Department of Public Health [IDPH], 2021). $4.1 trillion is the annual healthcare expenditure of the U.S. and 90% of it goes for those with chronic and mental health conditions (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2022). Heart disease and stroke costs the U.S. health care system $216 billion per year; cancer cost will be more than $240 billion by 2030 (CDC, 2022). Diabetes in 2017 incurred in $327 billion total cost; Alzheimer’s disease costs by 2050 is projected to be more than $1.1 trillion (CDC, 2022). As we can see there is direct burden both in the health of the residents of Illinois due to the high incidence of chronic diseases and in the healthcare costs in Illinois and in the whole U.S. There is also an indirect burden as seen in the increase mental health crisis and increase of substance abuse in all the nation.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Health and economic costs of chronic diseases.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2023). Illinois key health indicators.

Illinois Department of Public Health. (2021). Leading causes of death by age group, Illinois residents, 2021.

Sokoya, T., Zhou, Y., Diaz, S., Law, T., Himawan, L., Lekey, F., Shi, L., Gimbel, R. W., & Jing, X. (2022). Health indicators as measures of individual health status and their public perspectives: Cross-sectional survey study. Journal of Medical Internet Research24(6), e38099.

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