Developing Wellness Plan 


Poor nutrition can lead to a host of health problems, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer. There are many challenges to good nutrition in older adults. For one thing, many older adults live alone and may not have access to healthy food options. Additionally, some older adults may have chronic health conditions that make it difficult to eat a balanced diet. The topic I have chosen is nutrition and the dimensions are diet and physical activity. Good nutrition is essential for good health at any age, but it becomes even more important as we age. This discussion will explore how two specific dimensions—social participation and physical environment impact the health and well-being of older adults, as well as discuss potential strategies for mitigating challenges to health in these two areas. Also, address any limitations that may exist when it comes to addressing these issues.

Applying Topic and Dimensions to Well-Being[A2] 

Social well-being includes things like having strong relationships, feeling connected to others, and having a sense of purpose. Physical well-being encompasses things like maintaining a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, and having access to quality healthcare. Both of these dimensions are important for overall health and well-being. Some challenges can arise regarding both social and physical well-being. social isolation is a challenge that can impact social well-being. This can be mitigated by creating opportunities for social interaction and connection through community events or programs. In terms of physical well-being, one of the biggest challenges is chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes. These diseases can be prevented or managed through lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise.

Challenges to Well-Being[A3] 

Many challenges can impact an individual’s well-being as they age. Poor physical health, social isolation, and financial insecurity can all lead to feelings of anxiety and despair. However, there are ways to mitigate these challenges and improve one’s overall sense of well-being. Physical activity and maintaining a healthy diet are important for keeping the body strong and resilient. Social engagement can help combat feelings of loneliness and isolation.

Mitigating Challenges to Well-Being[A4] 

One of the biggest challenges to health and well-being in older adults is loneliness. Loneliness can lead to social isolation, which has been linked with negative mental and physical health outcomes. Strategies for mitigating this challenge include increasing opportunities for social interaction and connection, such as through volunteer work, participation in community groups, or joining a gym or other recreation center. Another challenge that older adults often face is declining mental health due to cognitive decline or dementia. This can be addressed through strategies such as promoting brain health through diet and exercise, providing opportunities for social interaction and stimulation, and engaging in activities that promote self-esteem and a sense of purpose.


First and foremost, it is important to increase awareness of these issues among older adults. This can be done through educational campaigns and programs that target this demographic. Additionally, service providers who work with older adults should be trained to identify signs of social isolation and chronic illness to refer individuals to appropriate resources.

Several practical strategies can be implemented to reduce social isolation and improve overall health outcomes for older adults. community groups and organizations can create opportunities for social interaction and connection. Additionally, transportation services can be made available to help older adults get around so that they can access needed resources.


Appannah, A., & Biggs, S. (2015). Age-friendly organizations: The role of organizational culture and the participation of older workers Links to an external site. Journal of Social Work Practice, 29[A7] (1), 37–51. doi:10.1080/02650533.2014.993943

Chaie, K. W., & Willis, S. L. (2021). Handbook of the psychology of aging (9th ed.). Elsevier, Inc.

Chapter 13, “The Older Worker: Gender and Age Discrimination in the Workplace” (pp. 215-235)

Lytle, M. C. (2015). Introduction to special section: The retirement career phase across cultures Links to an external site.. Journal of Career Development, 42(3), 167–169. doi:10.1177/0894845314543497

Williamson, J. B., & Higo, M. (2009). Why Japanese workers remain in the labor force so long: Lessons for the United States? Links to an external site. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 24(4), 321–337. doi:10.1007/s10823-009-9102-1

 [A1]Good points, and here you say that the dimensions are diet and physical activity are the dimensions, where in the next paragraph, you say that social well-being and physical well-being are the dimensions.

 [A2]Good points here also, and you would want to expand the discussion of the social and physical well-being dimensions, as well as including citations to sources to indicate which sources you are relying on for which parts of the discussion.

 [A3]Good points, and as above, you would want to expand this discussion and include citations to sources to support the points that you are making.

 [A4]Here also, you would want to expand the discussion and to include citations to sources to support the points that you are making.

 [A5]Here as well, you would want to expand the discussion, as well as including citations to sources to support the points that you are making.

 [A6]Good selection on the three journal articles, and for an 8-10 page paper, you would want more references, and in particular, research-based articles focused on your topic of nutrition and the dimensions of social and physical well-being.

 [A7]For journal articles, the journal title and the volume number (but not the issue number) are italicized.

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