# Business and Finance Homework Help

Hello Puja

Topic 1:

Why would a company use the Internal Rate of Return versus the Payback method when evaluating investment options? What are the limitations of these two methods?

Topic 2:

Web Field Trip

Go to the “Calculators” section of the FinAid website (http://www.finaid.org) at http://www.finaid.org/calculators/ . Click the College Cost Projector link under the “Costs” heading, and use the calculator to estimate the cost of your education until graduation (use a 7% tuition inflation rate).

Next, go to http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/census/2002-07-18-degree-dollars.htm and read the article on how much more a college graduate earns over their earning life than a high school graduate.

Next, estimate how much more a college graduate earns each year versus a high school graduate. Estimate how long your working life is until retirement.

Finally, use your favorite search engine to find an online calculator to assist in calculating the net present value. Enter the cost of your estimated college education (as a negative–it is an investment you are spending money on). Estimate the life of your working career and pick an appropriate discount rate.

Be prepared to discuss your findings in the Discussion area.

This question is based on your Web Field Trip.

Is your investment in a college education a positive or negative NPV project? Does the NPV of your investment in education effectively measure the true value of an education?

Assignment:

Kingston, Inc. management is considering purchasing a new machine at a cost of \$4,154,018. They expect this equipment to produce cash flows of \$777,270, \$779,537, \$922,254, \$1,052,101, \$1,331,951, and \$1,159,218 over the next six years. If the appropriate discount rate is 15 percent, what is the NPV of this investment? (Enter negative amounts using negative sign e.g. -45.25. Round answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25.)

The NPV is

Briarcrest Condiments is a spice-making firm. Recently, it developed a new process for producing spices. The process requires new machinery that would cost \$2,142,658. have a life of five years, and would produce the cash flows shown in the following table.

Year Cash Flow
1 \$601,875
2 -279,639
3 693,922
4 990,764
5 876,835

What is the NPV if the discount rate is 12.71 percent? (Enter negative amounts using negative sign e.g. -45.25. Round answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25.)

NPV is

Timeline Manufacturing Co. is evaluating two projects. The company uses payback criteria of three years or less. Project A has a cost of \$961,967, and project B’s cost is \$1,038,935. Cash flows from both projects are given in the following table.

Year Project A Project B
1 \$86,212 \$586,212
2 313,562 413,277
3 427,594 231,199
4 285,552

What are their discounted payback periods? (Round answers to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25. If discounted payback period exceeds life of the project, enter 0.00 for the answer.)
Discounted payback periods of project A ___________

Discounted payback periods of project B _____________

Which will be accepted with a discount rate of 8 percent? __________

Timeline should choose _____________

Compute the IRR on the following cash flow streams:

a. An initial investment of \$26,568 followed by a single cash flow of \$40,728 in year 6. (Round intermediate calculations to 4 decimal places, e.g. 1.2512 and final answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25%.)
IRR ___________%

b. An initial investment of \$920,179 followed by a single cash flow of \$1,495,024 in year 4. (Round intermediate calculations to 4 decimal places, e.g. 1.2512 and final answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25%.)

IRR _________%

c. An initial investment of \$1,804,620 followed by cash flows of \$1,384,595 and \$1,444,193 in years 2 and 4, respectively. (Round answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25%.)
IRR _________%

Draconian Measures, Inc., is evaluating two independent projects. The company uses a 15.42 percent discount rate for such projects. The costs and cash flows for the projects are shown in the following table. What are their NPVs?

 Year Project 1 Project 2 0 \$(7,656,981) \$(10,906,459) 1 3,273,419 1,987,946 2 1,779,079 3,425,083 3 1,468,895 3,168,471 4 1,139,143 3,845,484 5 1,193,849 4,308,099 6 1,489,916 7 1,456,167

What are their NPVs? (Enter negative amounts using negative sign, e.g. -45.25. Round answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25.)
The NPV of project 1 is \$______, and the NPV of Project 2 is \$ ___________

Jekyll & Hyde Corp. is evaluating two mutually exclusive projects. The cost of capital is 15 percent. Costs and cash flows are given in the following table.

 Year Project 1 Project 2 0 -\$1,134,369 -\$1,228,455 1 232,225 350,035 2 324,730 350,035 3 420,660 350,035 4 467,450 350,035 5 692,250 350,035

Calculate NPV and IRR of two projects. (Enter negative amounts using negative sign, e.g. -45.25. Round answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25 or 12.25%.)

NPV of project 1 is \$____________

NPV of project 2 is \$_______

IRR of project 1 is _________%

IRR of project 2 is ________%

Which project should be accepted?

Jekyll and Hyde Corp. should accept

A. project 2

B. Neither project

C. project 1

The __________ capital budgeting technique is the most appropriate one to use.

*Internal rate of return

*payback period

*accounting rate of return

*net present value

What rate should be used to calculate a project’s net present value?

*coupon interest rate on bonds

*cost of capital

*required rate of return on equity

*treasury bill rate

If a project’s IRR exceeds its ______, the project should be _____.

cost of capital rejected

cost of capital accepted

mirr rejected

npv accepted

Boomer Biscuit Inc. needs to automate its production line. The project costs \$275,000 and is expected to provide after-tax cash flows of \$73,306 for eight years. Management estimates its cost of capital is 12 percent. What is the project’s MIRR?
16%

1%

12%

18%

The capital-budgeting process starts with a firm’s

 sales forecast
 strategic plan
 financial plan

All of the following represent examples of key reasons for making capital expenditures except

 replacing production equipment.
 installing energy efficient bulbs throughout the company’s facilities.
 floating a corporate bond issue.
renewal of a company’s fleet of delivery trucks.

Which of the following is not one of the steps necessary for conducting a capital budgeting analysis?

 Estimate the project’s future cash flows.
 Compute the project’s NPV.
 Determine the cost of the project.
Decide on how the capital required will be raised.

Which one of the following is not an advantage of the NPV method of analyzing capital projects?

 It is easy to understand even without an accounting or finance background.
 It uses a discounted cash flow technique to adjust for the time value of money.
 It is consistent with the goal of maximizing shareholder value.
 It provides a direct (dollar) measure of how much a capital project will increase or decrease the value of a firm

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