The Perkins Cove Yacht Company Case
Perkins Cove Yacht Company produces three models of yachts.. All are 44 feet long.. One is a standard Fiberglass model with nylon sails and a fixed keel made of lead and fiberglass named the Goose Rocks.. It comes with a standard depth finder,, compass and 2 0 horsepower diesel auxiliary motor.. It sells for $1120,000..
The Kennebunkport model has upgrades with radar,, GPS nautical charts,, enhanced batteries,, and Teflon coated carbon fiber sails.. The engine produces 100 horsepower and can run a cabin heater.. It can completely recharge the battery in less than an hour.. The Kennebunkport sells for $2200,000..
The Ogunquit model is a custom – made with a deck made from teak and a cabin constructed from special woods.. The sails are made from the traditional flax base d canvass.. The hull is from specially cut oak from local forests.. It has the look of a vessel constructed in 1850 by a quality Maine shipyard with 2016 comforts and safety.. The Ogunquit sells for $8800,000.. Workers who build the Ogunquit are specialty craftsmen.. They earn twice the hourly rate of those working on the two standard models.. Note:: Labor rate is fully loaded for benefits .
Most of Perkins Cove Yacht’s sales come from the Goose Rocks and the Kennebunkport,, but sales of the Ogunquit model hav e been growing.. Below is the company’s sales,, production,, and cost information for last year::
Total Unit Cost
Unit Gross Profit
Direct Labor Hours
Rate per Hour
Manufacturing overhead** is made up as follows::
Total Manufacturing Overhead Cost
*TThese manufacturing overhead costs are fixed in nature:: they do not vary with the volume of manufacturing activity..
The company allocates overhead costs using the traditional method.. Its activity base is unit volume.. The predetermined overhead rate,, based on 170 total yachts,, is $227,000 per yacht ($$44,590,000 ÷ 170 yachts)).. Richard Perkins,, president of Perkins Cove yacht,, is concerned that the traditional cost – allocation system the company is using may not be generating accurate informa tion and that the selling price of the custom Ogunquit may not be covering its true cost..
A.. The cost – allocation system Perkins Cove has been using allocates over 88%% of overhead costs to the Goose Rocks and the Kennebunk because 88%% of yachts pr oduced were these t wo models.. How much overhead was allocated , in total,, to each of the three models last year?? Discuss why this might not be an accurate way to assign overhead costs to products..
B.. Perkins Cove’s production manager proposes allocating ove rhead by direct labor hours instead since the different models require different amounts of labor.. How much overhead would be allocated to each yacht (pper unit and in total)) under this method?? Show all supporting calculations..
C.. How would the use of more tha n one cost pool improve Perkins Cove Yacht’s cost allocation??
D.. Perkins Cove Yacht’s controller developed the following data for use in activity – based costing::
# of Inspections
Use activity – based costing to allocate the costs of overhead per unit and in total to each yacht.. Show all supporting calculations.. It is appropriate to use an excel document to do your computations in Excel .
E.. Calculate the cost of one custom Ogunquit yacht using activity – based costing..
F.. Why are the costs different between the trad itional method and the activity – based method??
G.. At the current selling price,, is the company covering its true cost of production of the Ogunquit?? Briefly discuss..
H.. W hat should be the price that Perkins Cove Yacht Company charges for the Ogunquit?? Assume that the Ogunquit should have the same profit margin as the Kennebunkport.. Show all calculations..
I.. What should Perkins Cove Yacht Co.. do if the quantity of the Ogunquit yachts sold at the new price falls to 10 per year??
J.. What should Perkins Cove Yacht Co.. do about the situation if the price of the Ogunquit cannot exceed $8800,000??
K.. At a selling price of $8800,000 each,, what is the breakeven unit volume for the Ogunquit??
L.. What are the lessons learned from this case??
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