Disaster Assessment

Description:

In Chapter 12, Landesman talks about post-disaster assessments and post-disaster priorities. Describe and briefly discuss an example of a real-world post-disaster assessment and a post-disaster priority. Reference the literature citation, website or whatever else you used to substantiate your answer (i.e. the answer can not be theoretical or based on personal experience alone).

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Chapter 12, Landesman talks about post-disaster assessments and post-disaster priorities. Describe and briefly discuss an example of a real-world post-disaster assessment and a post-disaster priority. Reference the literature citation, website or whatever else you used to substantiate your answer (i.e. the answer cannot be theoretical or based on personal experience alone).

After any disaster, the affected community need to invest significant resources to meet recovery needs. Their many programs and example of post-disaster assessment, one of the example is Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDA), this tool is a coordinated approach which provides a comprehensive and government-led assessment of the aftermath damage, losses, and recovery needs. This tool considers wide-ranging assessment from the rapid assessment of immediate needs to the most elaborate assessment of long-term recovery and risk reduction requirements. is the first step towards developing a holistic recovery program that promotes equity and inclusion.

This tool was developed by the United Nation Development Group, the World Bank and the European Union as one of the key commitments of their 2008 agreement to develop and use common assessment and recovery planning approaches in post-crisis settings. The main goal is to examine disaster’s impact, define the needs for recovery, and, in so doing, serve as the basis for designing a recovery strategy and guide donors’ funding. In addition, it works in restoring damaged infrastructure, houses, livelihoods, services, governance, and social systems, and includes an emphasis on reducing future disaster risks and building resilience.

One example of the real-world disaster that used PDNA is after Neal Earthquakes on 25 April and 12 May 2015, nearly 9,000 lives and over a half a million homes have been destroyed. This is a colossal loss for an impoverished country. After that the need for recovery assessment was important. PDNA exercise was launched simultaneously to take stock of our damage, loss and needs so far.

United Nations Development Programme. (n.d.). Post-disaster needs assessments.

Nepal earthquake 2015 Post Disaster Needs Assessment. (2015).

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On Saturday February 20, 2016, Tropical Cyclone (TC) Winston, an extremely destructive Category 5 cyclone, struck Fiji. TC Winston was the first Category 5 cyclone to directly impact Fiji and the most intense cyclone on record to affect the country.1 Fiji’s Eastern Division was the first to be struck, with Koro, Ovalau and Taveuni Islands sustaining severe damage. The cyclone swept across Fiji’s islands, reaching its peak strength shortly before making landfall on the country’s largest island, Viti Levu.

Post-Disaster Assessments:

Reports emerged of widespread damage and destruction, with the cyclone impacting approximately 540,400 people, equivalent to 62 percent of the country’s total population.3 The storm brought down the power and communications systems linking the islands, with approximately 80 percent of the nation’s population losing power, including the entire island of Vanua Levu, and 44 fatalities were subsequently confirmed. Entire communities were destroyed and approximately 40,000 people required immediate assistance following the cyclone.4 30,369 houses, 495 schools and 88 health clinics and medical facilities were damaged or destroyed. In addition, the cyclone destroyed crops on a large scale and compromised the livelihoods of almost 60 percent of Fiji’s population.

Post-Disaster Priorities:

  • Production Recovery, which includes recovery of production levels in the productive sectors of agriculture (crops, fishery and livestock), commerce and manufacturing, mining and tourism.
  • Service Supply and Access Recovery, focused on recovery of supply and access to basic services of education, health, housing, transport, communications, water supply and sanitation, and electricity.
  • Personal and Household Income Recovery, with a focus on improving the livelihoods of those affected (i.e., through cash for work schemes, or training to facilitate the ability to generate diversified household income), particularly those who have lost income, and are vulnerable and below the poverty level.
  • Reconstruction, or recovery of physical assets including infrastructure and buildings, in adherence to the principles.

Magee, A., Verdon-Kidd, D., Kiem, A., & Royle, S. (2016). Tropical cyclone perceptions, impacts and adaptation in the Southwest Pacific: An urban perspective from Fiji, Vanuatu and Tonga. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 16(5), 1091-1105.

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