Categorical Programs

What have you learned about effective programs and practices? What have you observed? Heard? Read in the research? This week, you will synthesize this learning by writing a paper summarizing your thinking, current research, and your experiences in this course. Additionally, you will include how what you have learned applies to children at specific developmental levels/ages and make recommendations for improved programs and practice.

This Application Assignment is also a Major Assessment for this course.

Your Application Assignment is divided into three parts:


  • Explain what the paper is about as a whole
  • Include a definition of quality/effectiveness and its impact on programs and practices. Base your thinking on what you learned during Week 1 of this course as well as subsequent readings and experience
  • Explain your definition of quality/effectiveness as it relates to early childhood programs and practices


  • Write a summary, based not only on what you observed in early childhood settings and learned in your interviews but also on the readings and videos that represent current evidence-based thinking with regard to the three factors covered in this course that effect quality/effectiveness in early childhood education programs:
    • Building relationships and partnering with families
    • Child-centered curriculum and the integral role of play and discovery in healthy development and learning
    • Culturally responsive and individually appropriate practice
  • Include specific examples of the ways in which each of these three factors apply to each of the early childhood levels of development: infants/toddlers, preschoolers, and primary-age children. You may use information gleaned from the Learning Resources in the course as well as resources you find on your own.

  • Note: For this section, you are required to cite at least six examples from your school observations and interviews (two related to each factor) to substantiate points you are making in your paper. You must also cite at least three resources either from your coursework or additional resources you have found that are no more than five years old.


  • Reflect on what you have learned about how the ways programs are monitored and standards are used to evaluate program effectiveness and measure children’s learning influence effective programs and practices, and ultimately impact children’s development.
  • Consider the two recommendations outlined by the National Early Childhood Accountability Task Force (2007), which recommend that states should: (1) develop a unified system of early childhood education that includes a single, coherent system of standards, assessments, data, and professional development efforts across all categorical programs and funding streams and (2) align high-quality and comprehensive standards, curriculum, and assessments as a continuum from prekindergarten through grade.
  • Based on your readings and experiences within this course, summarize what you see as the benefits and challenges associated with these recommendations. Include your thinking with regard to the ways these recommendations might contribute to high-quality/effective programming. Conclude with potential benefits in terms of supporting the development of every child between the ages of birth and 8.

Note: Cite your sources in APA format.

Assignment length: approximately 7-10 pages

The Week 8 Application Assignment is your Major Assessment for this course.

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Absolute Advantage

  1. A ____ is a company that assigns credit ratings for issuers of certain types of debt obligations as well as the debt instruments themselves. In some cases, the servicers of the underlying debt are also given ratings.

  Tariff agency

  Card agency

  Loan agency

  Credit agency

Question 2

  • ____ is defined as the strategic advantage one business entity has over its rival entities within its competitive industry.

  Export advantage

  Opportunity cost

  Comparative advantage

  Competitive advantage

Question 3

  • ____ is the cost of an opportunity forgone (and the loss of the benefits that could be received from that opportunity); the most valuable forgone alternative.

  Comparative cost

  Opportunity cost

  Minimum cost

  Competitive cost

Question 4

  • The principle of ____ refers to the ability of a party (an individual, or firm, or country) to produce more of a good or service than competitors, using the same amount of resources.

  Super advantage

  Unique advantage

  Minimum advantage

  Absolute advantage

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Economic Disadvantage

Question 1

Topic: Respiratory Issues Complicated by Economic Disadvantage

A mother brings her 8-year-old child to the clinic, stating the child “just isn’t breathing right, doesn’t want to play, just lies on the couch — this happens all the time.”

The appearance of both mother and child is disheveled. The child’s wheezing can be heard across the room. When asked if the child is better at any certain time of the day, the mother responds, “It’s like this all the time and has been for the past year — we saw a doctor last year who diagnosed asthma but we don’t have any money for drugs or to come back to the clinic.”


  • Identify the resources currently available in your state (Florida) to support this family in the care of this child, including assistance programs for costs of health care follow-up and pharmaceutical treatment agents.
  • Create a communication plan for mother and child for both prescriptive and non-prescriptive drug therapies.

Question 2
After completing your iHuman Case Study, answer the following questions:

  • What is your list of appropriate differential diagnoses and why?
  • What is the final diagnosis and what assessment findings serve to support this?
  • What are the specific auscultation palpation findings of the abdomen that are normal versus abnormal?Differential DiagnosisLead or Alt | MnMappendicitislead  peptic ulcer disease (PUD)alt  pancreatitis, acutealt  small bowel obstruction (SBO)altLipase 51 and WBC 7880 positive for acute appendicities
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Civil Rights Act

Question 1

Journal: Employment Laws’ Impact on Culture

In the Journal you will address how laws you have studied might impact the culture in which you live. Culture in this context refers to beliefs, values, traditions, customs, and practices regarding a particular group based on gender, ethnicity, race, sexual orientation, age, religion, disability, etc.

For example: If your family is Lithuanian and you arrived in the U.S. in 1987, you might speak to how the passing of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act influenced you being able to get a steady job regardless of your nationality. You then might summarize how this law improves your ability to improve the society in general and your own future in particular.

You will summarize your thoughts in a minimum of 250 words addressing the following checklist items:


  • Select one of the following laws and describe how the law influences your cultural experiences. Discuss how the law improves human potential—what an individual can accomplish in today’s society.
  1. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act
  2. Americans with Disabilities Act
  3. Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
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Marketing Association

Marketing is a very important function with any business and is defined by the American Marketing Association as; “the activity, set of institutions, and processes for creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging offerings that have value for customers, clients, partners, and society at large. In laymen’s terms, marketing is everything you do to promote your company’s product and services to potential customers.

Identify a brick-and-mortar retail company that also has a web presence. Describe how this company utilizes the traditional online marketing strategies, social, mobile, and local marketing plan, and how effective you think these efforts are in promoting the business.

The requirements below must be met for your paper to be accepted and graded:

  • Write between 500-750 words (approximately 2-3 pages) using Microsoft Word.
  • Attempt APA style. Use the APA Resources in your course for guidance.
  • Use font size 12 and 1″ margins.
  • Include a cover page and reference page.
  • At least 80% of your paper must be original content/writing.
  • No more than 20% of your content/information may come from references.
  • Use at least two references from outside the course material, preferably from EBSCOhost. The textbook, lectures, and other materials in the course may be used, but are not counted toward the two reference requirement.

Reference material (data, dates, graphs, quotes, paraphrased words, values, etc.) must be identified in the paper and listed on a reference page. Reference material must come from sources such as scholarly journals found in EBSCOhost, online newspapers such as The Wall Street Journal, government websites, etc. Sources such as Wikis, Yahoo Answers, eHow, etc. are not acceptable.

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The Era of European Exploration, 1500-1821

Gastil and Harris, Section II:  The Era of European Exploration, 1500-1821

Please read the intro to the section to answer these questions.  I have noted which documents relate to some of the questions, in case you want to explore a topic in more depth.  (You will read the selections you find most interesting for your Reading Journal activity coming up.)

Explain how the Spanish conquest of Mexico set off a series of events that shaped California.  (43)

Comment:  “The Spanish were active in North America for about 250 years before they began to settle the area we now call California.”  (43)

What place did Cortez name “California”?  Why did people think it was an island?  (43)

How did a myth about “California” exist in European literature before any European saw the place?  (44, Selections I and II)

What do you find remarkable about the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan in 1519?  (44, Selection 3)

How was Spain’s early interest in California related to the Philippines?  Why were some Filipinos possibly mistaken for California Indians?  (44-45, Selection 4)

What do you find notable in the voyages of Cabrillo and Drake?  Why do you suppose neither of these voyages actually led to any European settlement in California?  (45, Selections 5 and 6)

Why is Vizcaíno’s voyage arguably more important to California history than earlier voyages?  What did he see at the place he named Monterey?  (45-46, Selections 7 and 8)

What does the Argüello expedition in 1821 tell us about the cultures he visited?  (46, Selection 9)

By 1821 the Spanish had established 20 missions.  How is it possible that in some native villages nobody had seen a European?  

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Reading Journal for Early American History

In the journal you will write observations and reflections on your reading in Connecting California.  Please focus on a few documents.  When you mention a document you read, please put the title of the document in bold (or a few words from the title).  You may also comment on parts of our main textbook that you see as related. 

Examine each document critically, and consider how it adds to our understanding of the history.  You may also write your own reflections on what you are learning.

Suggested Journal Prompts (these are just suggestions):

  1. What did you learn from the documents in this section?  What did you find surprising?  How does the material in this chapter relate to what you learned earlier, perhaps in other classes?
  • What events do you see here that have shaped the world we live in today?
  • If you did a movie set in the time period of this section, what would be the key elements in your movie?  Tell how you imagine the characters, and what challenges they would deal with.
  • How might we understand the history differently from someone living in the time period? 
  • How do the documents help you understand the era?  What are some important factors to consider when looking at these documents? 
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Attitudes and Beliefs

Defining and understanding the elements of a group culture is essential to forging a professional identity either online or in person. These elements are important because they reflect how professionals interact, whether online or in person.

In this Assignment, you will write a descriptive report about the industry culture of a group of people within the workplace, preferably your career field industry culture. Please note that this focus should not be on racial or ethnic cultures.

Assignment Instructions

Search using individual internet research and complete an essay (in at least 400 words), that investigates a cultural group in real estate. . Describe what the industry group is like in your own words with support from any outside source information you have found. Be sure to cite and reference in APA format any outside sources you have used.

The guide below will assist you in structuring your paper:

For this Assignment, you must focus on an industry (profession) culture. For example, lawyer, teacher, police officer, paralegal, psychologist, nurse, administrator, etc.

Below is a clarification of the areas you should focus on for researching your industry (profession) culture for the Unit 7 Assignment.

  • Language and Behaviors
    • Language would focus on these elements in terms of an industry culture. For example, is there a special vocabulary or terminology used for the profession?
    • Behaviors – For example, what type of demeanor is expected? Are there body language expectations?
  • Attitudes and Beliefs
    • What are the main ethics rules of the profession?
    • What beliefs does the profession focus on as a whole?
  • Values and Interest
    • What are the core values of the profession?
    • How does this support the attitudes and beliefs of the profession?
  • Education and Trainings
    • What types of trainings or certifications are needed to continue in the profession?
    • Are you required to have a specific level of college degree?
    • Do you need to renew a license or certification every several years?
  • Tools and Equipment used
    • What types of tools and/or equipment are required for the job?
    • Do you need training to use these?
  • Interactions with others
    • What other groups will you interact with in the workplace? How will you need to interact with others in the workplace?
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Ethics Bowl: Running Away With the Competition

Question description


Analyze a current debate case.

Explain an argument that supports a position for or against the case.

Apply an ethical theory to your argument.


1. Read Case 10: Running Away from the Competition from the 2017 Texas Regional Ethics Bowl Competition.

QUESTION: Should women with elevated levels of testosterone be allowed to compete in women’s events in the Olympics?

Write three- five paragraphs evaluating the ethical issues of the case and arguing FOR or AGAINST a position from the question. Make sure to pick ONE position (for or against), identify the stakeholders, address various ethical issues (e.g., freedom of speech, violation of rights, happiness of society, autonomy, etc.), give at least 1 argument that supports your position, and explain and reply to a possible objection.


Paragraph 1: Summarize the scenario briefly, focusing on the elements that you will address in your argument and state your thesis (pick a position either FOR or AGAINST)

Paragraph 2: Give one argument that supports the thesis. Remember to explain your argument fully, using examples or scenarios.

Paragraph 3: Give another argument that supports the thesis.

Paragraph 4: Explain a possible objection to the thesis. Reply to that objection.

–Your goal is to give objective arguments to support a thesis.Use the theories that we have studied to support your arguments. One of your arguments must explicitly address one of the ethical theories we covered (Utilitarianism, Deontology, Cultural Relativism, Social contract theory, Egoism, Divine command theory). Think about what Mill or Kant would say.

–Make sure your arguments do not commit any obvious fallacy such as anecdotal evidence, emotional appeal, fallacy of assertion (stating beliefs or opinions), straw man, etc.

–Make sure you give REASONS for the position.

— Explain your arguments fully, using examples or scenarios. Pretend that your reader doesn’t know the case, and does not agree with you. Explain your argument fairly and sufficiently.

–Your last paragraph (or two) should explain a possible objection against your argument, and then explain your reply. Thus, if your thesis is FOR a position, explain an argument AGAINST the position, and reply to that argument.

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