History Chapter Exam

Chapter 18

1.           What historical developments drove urbanization of the United States during the last decades of the 19th century and what challenges and opportunities did this generate?

2.           How did immigration affect America at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, especially in the major cities? How would you describe the typical immigrant experience?

3.           The post-Civil War South has been called the “New South.” In what ways was this title appropriate? In what ways was it inappropriate? Just how “new” was the New South?

4.           Describe the settlement of the American West after the Civil War. How important were railroads, mining, farming and ranching in this process?

5.           What major problems faced America’s farmers during the latter decades of the 19th century? What were some of the ways in which they tried to get help in solving those problems?

Chapter 19

1.           What was life like for the working poor in America’s cities in the early years of the 20th century? Be as specific as possible.

In the early years of the 20th century, poor Americans worked 

2.           Describe the major reform efforts of the Progressive Era, both social and political.

3.           How did the Progressive reformers influence national politics?

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HR Consultant Presentation

In this assignment, you are in the role of an HR consultant. There is a critical deliverable that your client’s CEO expects from you:

This organization’s CEO would like you to convince his staff that his organization needs to begin the process of changing from being a traditional “1980s-style” employer, to an “employer of the future.” But he really doesn’t know what that means.

Prepare and deliver a persuasive, 10- to 12-minute audio-visual presentation to be given to the top management staff of a cotton-ball manufacturer that has 150 regular, full-time employees in one location.

Some of the top staff is adamantly opposed to outsourcing any work and also opposed to hiring temporary employees. They have not heard of the competency approach. Make recommendations based on what you have learned in your research and MSHRM program. You may need to convince key staff members to change their minds and take steps into the future, but in order to be successful you will need to be enlightening and persuasive. Your submission should be a PowerPoint slide presentation with voiceover using the “Record Narration” feature. The presentation should include all relevant information, including data analyses (charts, graphs), decision criteria, changes needed, and so forth.

Include at least 4 valid sources to strengthen the discussion.

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Press Release Assignment

Press Release Assignment

It is important to establish credibility to help audiences accept your messages. With this in mind, please write a press release (see pp. 235-6 in Chapter 8) regarding your imaginary company’s new acquisition or merger. Incorporate the 7 bullet point characteristics listed on p. 128. Indicate where you are illustrating each bullet point. However your press relief should be in paragraph format.


COMING FOR  Excellence in Business Communication. (2014). Thill & Bovée, Eleventh Edition

  •  Honesty. Demonstrating honesty and integrity will earn you the respect of your audiences, even if they don’t always agree with or welcome your messages.
  • Objectivity. Show that you can distance yourself from emotional situations and look at all sides of an issue.
  • Awareness of audience needs. Directly or indirectly, let your audience members know that you understand what’s important to them.
  • Credentials, knowledge, and expertise. Audiences need to know that you have whatever it takes to back up your message, whether it’s education, professional certification, special training, past successes, or simply the fact that you’ve done your research.
  • Endorsements. An endorsement is a statement on your behalf by someone who is accepted by your audience as an expert.
  • Performance. Demonstrating impressive communication skills is not enough; people need to know they can count on you to get the job done.
  • Sincerity. When you offer praise, don’t use hyperbole, such as “you are the most fantastic employee I could ever imagine.” Instead, point out specific qualities that warrant praise.

    pages 235-236

    Some routine informative messages may require additional care. For instance, policy statements or procedural changes may be good news for a company, perhaps by saving money. However, it may not be obvious to employees that such savings may make additional employee resources available or even lead to pay raises. In instances in which the reader may not initially view the information positively, use the body of the message to highlight the potential benefits from the reader’s perspective. (For situations in which negative news will have a profound effect on the recipients, consider the indirect techniques discussed in Chapter 9.)

    Announcing Good News

    To develop and maintain good relationships, smart companies recognize that it’s good business to spread the word about positive developments. Such developments can include opening new facilities, hiring a new executive, introducing new products or services, or sponsoring community events. Because good news is always welcome, use the direct approach.

    A news release, or press release is a message (usually routine, but not always) designed to share information with the news media, although many are now written with customers and other stakeholders in mind as well.

    Good-news announcements are often communicated in a news release, also known as apress release, a specialized document used to share relevant information with the news media. (News releases are also used to announce negative news, such as plant closings.) In most companies, news releases are usually prepared or at least supervised by specially trained writers in the public relations department. The content follows the customary pattern for a positive message: good news followed by details and a positive close. However, traditional news releases have a critical difference: You’re not writing directly to the ultimate audience (such as the readers of a newspaper); you’re trying to interest an editor or a reporter in a story, and that person will then write the material that is eventually read by the larger audience. To write a successful news release, keep the following points in mind:3

    • Above all else, make sure your information is newsworthy and relevant to the specific publications or websites to which you are sending it.
    • Focus on one subject; don’t try to pack a single news release with multiple, unrelated news items.
    • Put your most important idea first. Don’t force editors to hunt for the news.
    • Be brief: Break up long sentences and keep paragraphs short.
    • Eliminate clutter, such as redundancy and extraneous facts.
    • Be as specific as possible.
    • Minimize self-congratulatory adjectives and adverbs; if the content of your message is newsworthy, the media professionals will be interested in the news on its own merits.
    • Follow established industry conventions for style, punctuation, and format.

    Until recently, news releases were crafted in a way to provide information to reporters, who would then write their own articles if the subject matter was interesting to their readers. Thanks to the Internet and social media, however, the nature of the news release is changing. Many companies now view it as a general-purpose tool for communicating directly with customers and other audiences, creating direct-to-consumer news releases. As media expert David Meerman Scott puts it, “Millions of people read press releases directly, unfiltered by the media. You need to be speaking directly to them.”4

    The newest twist on news releases is the social media release, which has several advantages over the traditional release (see Figure 8.7). First, the social media release emphasizes bullet-point content over narrative paragraphs so that bloggers, editors, and others can assemble their own stories, rather than having to rewrite the material in a traditional release. Second, as an electronic-only document (a specialized webpage, essentially), the social media release offers the ability to include videos and other multimedia elements. Third, social sharing buttons make it easy for people to help publicize the content.5

    The social media release includes share-ready content that is easy to reuse in blog posts, tweets, and other social media formats.

    Fostering Goodwill

    All business messages should be written with an eye toward fostering positive relationships with audiences, but some messages are written specifically to build goodwill. You can use these messages to enhance your relationships with customers, colleagues, and other businesspeople by sending friendly, even unexpected, notes with no direct business purpose. Whether you’re thanking an employee for a job well done or congratulating a colleague for a personal or professional achievement, the small effort to send a goodwill message can have a positive and lasting effect on the people around you.

    Goodwill is the positive feeling that encourages people to maintain a business relationship.

    In addition to creating messages for a specific goodwill reason, you can craft almost any routine message in a way to build goodwill. Two ways to do so are by providing information your readers might find helpful and by using the content and tone of your message to provide an element of entertainment. For example, if you send monthly billing statements to customers, you can include tips on how to save money by using your products in a more efficient manner.

    Many routine messages can be adapted to foster goodwill, either by sharing helpful information or providing an element of entertainment.

    Using routine messages to entertain customers can be a good way to build goodwill, but it must be done effectively and only when appropriate.

    Using routine messages to entertain customers can be an effective goodwill builder if it is done well and doesn’t detract from the primary purpose of the message. One of the best-known examples is the shipping notification email message that online music retailer CDBaby sends its customers. Company founder Derek Sivers says the original routine message (“Your order has shipped today. Please let us know if it doesn’t arrive. Thank you for your business.”) didn’t fit his mission to “make people smile.” Sivers replaced that short, serious message with a comically over-the-top message that starts with “Your CD has been gently taken from our CD Baby shelves with sterilized contamination-free gloves and placed onto a satin pillow” and continues with such lines as “Our packing specialist from Japan lit a candle and a hush fell over the crowd as he put your CD into the best gold-lined box that money can buy.” The message was a hit with customers, who forwarded it to friends and posted it online, which led to thousands of new customers for the young company.6

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Auditor Assignment

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulates public companies. The SEC has found that some of these companies have violated GAAP by using creative accounting practices to mislead investors and creditors regarding the health of their company.

Use the Internet or Strayer Library to research a recent accounting scandal within the last five (5) years where the SEC accused public companies of accounting irregularities.

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

  1. Analyze the audit report that the CPA firm issued. Ascertain the legal liability to third parties who relied on financial statements under both common and federal securities laws. Justify your response.
  2. Speculate on which statement of generally acceptable auditing standards (GAAS) that the company violated in performing the audit.
  3. Compare the responsibility of both management and the auditor for financial reporting, and give your opinion as to which party should have the greater burden. Defend your position.
  4. Analyze the sanctions available under SOX, and recommend the key action(s) that the PCAOB should take in order to hold management or the audit firm accountable for the accounting irregularities. Provide a rationale for your response.
  5. Use at least two (2) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.


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Greendale Project ReDux

Greendale Project ReDux
Due Week 4 and worth 60 points

This assignment consists of two (2) parts: a project schedule, and a written response. You must submit both parts as separate files for the completion of this assignment. Label each file name according to the part of the assignment it is written for.

Part A: Project Schedule
(Submit as one [1] Microsoft Project file)

  1. Create a multi-level work breakdown structure (WBS) and detailed project schedule, using the information from the “Greendale Stadium Case” located at the end of Chapter 6, and incorporating the following constraints.
    Note: When you create your MS Project schedule, you will need to update your project per the following constraints:

    • The project must consist of at least twenty (20) tasks.
    • Each task must have a start and finish date that matches the duration noted in the assignment.
    • Each task must be assigned to a resource (e.g., Demolishing Crew; Construction Crew; Landscaping Crew).
    • Assume that the crew works during normal weekdays (no weekend work) under normal conditions (8 hours per day).
    • In terms of holidays, you can assume no work will be done the following days: New Year’s Day, President’s Day, Good Friday, Good Monday, Friday before Memorial Day, Memorial Day, the business day before Independence Day, Independence Day, the Friday before Labor Day, Labor Day, the day before Thanksgiving Day, Thanksgiving Day, Black Friday (day after Thanksgiving), the business day before Christmas, Christmas Day, the business day after Christmas Day, and New Year’s Eve.

Part B: Written Response
(Submit as a Microsoft Word file)

  1. Respond to the following questions in a one to two (1-2) page paper based on your project schedule.
    • When will the project be completed?
    • What is the critical path for the project?
    • How much slack / float is in your project? What activities have the greatest slack / float?
    • Identify the top three (3) activities that you believe could impact the project completion date.
    • What additional activities you would add to this project to make it more complete, from a project management viewpoint?
  2. Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements:
    • Typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides.
    • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required page length.
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Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Amendment Rights

Assignment 1: Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Amendment Rights

Due Week 4 and worth 150 points

The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects citizens against police officers making unreasonable searches and seizures of personal property. The Fifth and Sixth Amendments guarantee the procedures that the courts and police must use to ensure fair treatment of persons arrested for crimes.

Analyze the following cases in preparation for a systematic approach for a synthesis of law and fact.

Review each of the follow cases:


Write an eight to ten (8-10) page paper in which you:

  1. Prepare a two to three (2-3) page briefing from one of the two (1-2) cases that you reviewed in which you utilized the following areas of importance: a) issue presented; b) short answer; c) the facts of the case; d) a summary of the case; and e) a conclusion of the case outcome.
  2. Examine the importance of the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, and determine which amendment offers the greatest protection for defendants in a typical U.S. court case. Justify your position.
  3. Explore the overall importance of the Fifth Amendment rights. Suggest key events from the Miranda v Arizona case in which you believe law enforcement had violated the fundamental nature of one’s Fifth Amendment right. Justify your response.
  4. Examine three (3) instances in which the Fourth Amendment protects you against unlawful search and seizure. Provide examples of such occurrences to support your response.
  5. Discuss the two prong test articulated by the Court which determines the actual nature of a reasonable expectation of privacy. Justify the validity of the test in the courts holding for the Katz v United States case.
  6. Analyze whether or not today’s standards allowing government access to all electronic technologies through legislation, like the Uniting and Strengthening America By Providing Appropriate Tools Required To Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (U.S.A. P.A.T.R.I.O.T) Act of 2001, have effectively negated the holding in Katz v. United States.
  7. Use at least two (2) quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Illustrate the workings of the adversary system.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in U.S. Courts.
  • Write clearly and concisely about U.S. Courts using proper writing mechanics and APA style conventions.
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Using Data In Public Health Programs

Program effectiveness is difficult to prove, even when ample quantitative and qualitative data are available. Just because information is easy to count or describe does not mean that it provides insight. For example, a health promotion program that seeks to teach adults in a community to eat fewer fatty foods in order to avoid heart disease. A report about how many heart attacks occurred in the community might provide some insight on overall cardiac health, but there is no way to collect data on the number of heart attacks that did not happen as a result of the program. Moreover, the number of heart attacks alone will not be a relevant data point without being linked to fatty food consumption. However, it may be helpful to look at trends in eating habits as well as trends in heart disease and heart attacks over a 10-year period.

As a public health professional, you may be asked to determine what needs to be evaluated (what is being measured) and why, and what data will yield relevant information. For this week’s Discussion, you will practice planning data collection for effective evaluation using a scenario before collecting data for your own programs.

Select one of the following four hypothetical public health programs. Consider the methods and data points that would be the most appropriate in order to evaluate its effectiveness.


1.    Boost Your Kids: A U.S. program sponsored by a local health department’s Injury Prevention program. The program seeks to inform parents about the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s recommendations regarding car seat usage.

2.    Babies Benefit: A program offered by an international relief organization in Myanmar to train health care providers to communicate about the use of vitamin A and other supplements during every health care visit and intervention.

3.    Slim Down City: A lifestyle health program aimed at urban residents in the United States, this programs sponsors weekly walks for 10 weeks to promote physical activity and prevent obesity.

4.    The Pink Bus: A program provided by an alliance between a local university health care system and a cancer center, this clinic on wheels provides free and low-cost mammograms to low-income women in Canada.

Include the number of the scenario you selected (make sure to include the number of your chosen scenario in the subject line).

Complete evaluation table and post it by Day 4.

In the table:

1) Describe three types of quantitative and three types of qualitative data you want to collect about the public health program you chose, and explain why you would collect each.

2) Explain quantitative and qualitative data collection methods and explain and explain why they might be the most appropriate.


  Measures/Indicators Data Collection Methods
Measures Justification Methods Justification
Qualitative data Which measure you might use to assess program effectiveness?


Why would you use this measure? What method will be used to collect or acquire this data?


Why is this method the most appropriate?
Quantitative data


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Law Outline Help

While working an undercover detail in a neighborhood known for drug activity, you notice a vehicle stopped at the intersection waiting for the light to change. The man in the vehicle makes eye contact with you. You approach his vehicle and begin carrying on a conversation with him. You ask him if he needs anything, and he responds by asking you, “What do you have?” You ask him what he is looking for, and he tells you he is looking to score. You show him a small bag containing a white powdery substance; he asks how much, and you respond, “20 dollars.” He hands you a $20 bill, and you give him the bag and tip your hat to signal that the transaction was completed. At this time, the man drives off and is stopped a block away by a marked unit. The individual is placed under arrest for drug possession and purchasing drugs, and he is taken to jail.

The individual is charged with possession of a controlled substance. At his trial, he claimed that he was a victim of entrapment by the police. He was found guilty and sentenced to serve 5 years in jail and given credit for the 3 months he already had served in jail.

Assignment Guidelines

  • Address the following in 1,250–1,500 words:
  • Research and provide 2–3 case briefs on specific case law related to the entrapment defense as it may or may not apply in the case scenario.
    • Your case briefs should follow this format:
      • Title: Title of the selected case
      • Facts: Summary of the events, court timeline, evidence, and so forth
      • Issues: Issues that were present in this case
      • Decisions: The court’s decision and the conclusion to the case
      • Reasoning: The rationale behind the final decision
      • Dissenting opinions: Any dissenting opinions, and an explanation of what they were and why they were raised
  • Answer the following questions:
    • Did you have probable cause to approach the defendant while he was parked at the traffic light? Why or why not? Defend your answer.
    • Do you feel that the entrapment defense is a valid one, considering the assignment scenario? Why or why not? Defend your answer.
    • Is providing the opportunity for someone to commit a crime the same as entrapment? Why or why not?
    • If the substance were marijuana, how much would be needed for a misdemeanor charge? A felony?
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Underrecognized Public Health Issues

Think about the subjects of the public service advertisements (PSAs) or signs you may have seen regarding public health. What comes to mind? The issue of distracted driving has dominated in the United States. There are signs in most restaurant restrooms that encourage hand washing. In wildfire-prone areas, fire safety signs and PSAs are ubiquitous. Now consider underrecognized issues (URIs). Almost by definition, the most underrecognized public health issues are not easily identifiable through an Internet search and may be more of a challenge to find. Outside of their lack of recognition, what are the common characteristics of URIs in public health?

For this Discussion, explore underrecognized issues in public health and select one to use for this Discussion. Consider why the issue may be underrecognized and strategies you might use to raise awareness of it in the field. Note that the underrecognized public health issue that you select must be used in both Discussions this week. Be sure to select a URI that was not included in this week’s Learning Resources.

With these thoughts in mind:

Post 5-6 pages a description of an underrecognized issue in public health. Then explain why this issue needs recognition or increased awareness by the field of public health. Then explain your vision of future directions for community health education theory and intervention development in the field of public health. Finally, explain one strategy you might use to increase awareness/recognition of this issue in the public health field.

Be sure to support your postings and responses to your colleagues’ postings with specific references to the Learning Resources and the current literature.

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Case Study Development and Theoretical Explanation

In today’s world, stress is inescapable. Stress can be a major factor in physical and psychological illnesses. Stress is closely related to fear, panic, and anxiety. A number of relatively common psychological disturbances share symptoms that include anxiety as a central component. The somatic symptom disorders involve a preoccupation with the body or a medical illness. The dissociative disorders involve an alteration in consciousness or memory such as amnesia or, in an extreme case, the development of multiple personalities as in dissociative identity disorder.

Below is a Sample Case – Woody
Click to review the sample case (do not use Woody in your M2 A2 assignment analysis) (INCLUDED BELOW)

Review the sample case. Download and study the guidelines for developing cases (INCLUDED BELOW) Develop one original fictional case study that portrays a specific diagnosis within the categories of: anxiety, somatic symptom disorders, or dissociative disorders.  (*disorder that I have chosen is Hypochondriasis** and in my scenario it will be the wife, age 32, with 2 small children and a husband

The case description must include all of the DSM criteria necessary to diagnose that disorder, but may also include additional symptoms not found within that diagnostic category. Include some demographic background of the fictional case subject. This portion of the assignment should be 1 to 1 ½ pages.

Mental health professionals are often trained in one or more theoretical orientations. Each theoretical orientation provides a specific insight into why a person acts the way he or she does. The theoretical orientation also guides the professional’s choice of treatment options to address the symptoms presented by the individual to be treated. Several theoretical explanations of abnormal behavior have been described in your readings for this module. Some of these are biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, existential, cognitive, and sociocultural.


Identify the treatment approach for your case based upon the theory you have chosen to explain the disorder. Then in 2–3 pages, write your own theoretical analysis of case characteristics in relation to the disorder the case represents.


Write the case and theoretical analysis in a 3–4-page paper in Word format. Be sure to include an APA style title page and to cite the online course and the text applying APA standards. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.doc. Use appropriate extensions for any other formats you use.

Woody’s Case

Woody, a 45 year old married accountant, complains of dizziness, sweaty palms, stomachaches, and shortness of breath. He has been experiencing these symptoms for more than two years with few periods of extended relief. He also experiences dryness in mouth, periods of extreme muscle tension, and a constant nervousness that has often interfered with his ability to focus on his work. Although these symptoms lead to frustration, he denies feeling depressed and continues to enjoy hobbies and family activities

Because of these symptoms, Woody has seen his primary care physician, a chiropractor, and several other specialists, but has received conflicting diagnoses and treatment, none of which have helped.

Woody constantly worries about the health of his wife, parents, and children. He thinks about accidents that could happen and tries to plan to avoid them. Woody’s wife was diagnosed with Breast cancer several years ago. She received treatment and has been cancer free for over one year. Woody also worries about his performance at work, feeling he could be fired at any time, though his work reviews do not indicate any problems.

Guidelines for Developing a Case

Review the case studies provided in this course for descriptions of mental illness. Then use the following guidelines to develop your fictitious case. Your case should not name the diagnosis, but should describe the symptoms that are present for the individual in the case.

A case may include some or all of the following elements in varying degrees:

Presenting problem: Why is the person presenting for treatment? How severe is the problem? How does this issue interfere with the person’s family, work, friendships, leisure activities, and relationships? What has the person done to try to solve the problem and with what success?

History of problem: How long have these issues been experienced? Have there been times when the

Problem was absent? When did the problem first occur?

Prior treatment history: Has this issue ever been treated before? If so, how and when? Have any

psychotropic medications been prescribed?

Medical history: Does the person have any physical illnesses or disabilities? Has the person ever been

hospitalized for medical illness or has the person been operated upon? Does the person take any

medications for medical issues?

Family history: Whom does the person live with? Is the family intact? How many siblings are there? Are there any step-siblings or half-siblings? Are there relatives who have been diagnosed or treated for

mental illness or substance abuse? Do any family members have any significant medical disease or


Developmental history: Was the prenatal and childhood development normal? Were there any

remarkable issues to note?

Educational history: How far has the person gone in school? Did the person experience any academic or behavioral problems during school?

Work history: Does the person have a career? How stable is the work history? Has the person experienced problems with coworkers or supervisors?

Legal history: Has the person ever been arrested or served time in prison? If so, what were the charges

Sexual relationship history: Is the person sexually active? Has the person ever experienced domestic violence? Has there been a divorce? What is the identified sexual orientation?

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