If you want to know more the ancient bronze drums (like the NL1), then, read these secondary sources for your own interests.
This article is a part of the About.com guide to the Dongson Culture (Links to an external site.), and the Dictionary of Archaeology (Links to an external site.).
Hirst, Kris K. 2018. Dongson Culture: Bronze Age in Southeast Asia. Ceremonial Bronze Drums, Fishing and Hunting in Vietnam. ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/dongson-culture-bronze-age-170720 (Links to an external site.)
Ballard C, Bradley R, Myhre LN, and Wilson M. 2004. The ship as symbol in the prehistory of Scandinavia and Southeast Asia. (Links to an external site.) World Archaeology 35(3):385-403. .
Chinh HX, and Tien BV. 1980. The Dongson Culture and Cultural Centers in the Metal Age in Vietnam. (Links to an external site.)Asian Perspectives 23(1):55-65.
Han X. 1998. The present echoes of the ancient bronze drums: Nationalism and archaeology in modern Vietnam and China. (Links to an external site.) Explorations 2(2):27-46.
Han X. 2004. Who Invented the Bronze Drum? Nationalism, Politics, and a Sino-Vietnamese Archaeological Debate of the 1970s and 1980s. (Links to an external site.) Asian Perspectives43(1):7-33.
Loofs-Wissowa HHE. 1991. Dongson Drums: Instruments of shamanism or regalia? (Links to an external site.)Arts Asiatiques46(1):39-49.
Solheim WG. 1988. A Brief History of the Dongson Concept. (Links to an external site.) Asian Perspectives28(1):23-30.
Tessitore J. 1988. View from the East Mountain: An Examination of the Relationship between the Dong Son and Lake Tien Civilizations in the First Millennium B.C. (Links to an external site.) Asian Perspectives 28(1):31-44.
Yao A. 2010. Recent Developments in the Archaeology of Southwestern China. (Links to an external site.)Journal of Archaeological Research 18(3):203-239.
Notes: According to Heger, there are four major types of the so-called “Dongson drums” (named after the first archaeological “Đông-Sơn” site in North Việt-Nam). The Ngọc-Lũ 1 is considered to be the best among all the bronze drums of the first type. The exact number of Heger Type I drums is not yet known. The current total stands over 400 bronze drums of Heger Type I. The Ngoc-Lũ 1 (among 150 bronze drums of Heger Type I found in North VN) is normally believed to have been made around 700 BCE and thereafter by the Lạc Việt holy sages (the LV are known to have been the ancestors of the Viêtnamese).
What does the Ngọc-Lũ 1 (NL1) tell you about the world by the self-revealing powers of its systems of pictorial images and geometrical symbols given on its tympanum (its surface)? (To put it differently: What story does the art on the NL1 tympanum tell you? What can you discover any message in its self-revealing art?)
To address the topic, state your own thesis (in the form of one sentence) and make your own arguments to validate your own thesis (argument is a series of key points reasoned and backed up by evidence to prove that a thesis is correct).
If you cannot figure out the philosophical message, read the relevant secondary research sources listed (and if still empty-minded, then, read the PowerPoint lecture (M38.Ancient Việtnamese Philosophy).
01) Under RESEARCH, provide some background information on the bronze drums of the Heger Type I.
02) Under ANALYSIS, identify the key aspects of the self-revealing art (like the orchestra and the importance of the bronze drums of Heger Type 1, the model of counter-clockwise circularity with all things moving around concentric circles, etc.).
03) Both the FORM and the CONTENT of your PA18 shall be graded. For the FORM of your PA8, use the BWRs and the basic writing procedure (CLAIM > REASONING > EVIDENCE).
THE STUDENT PRACTICE OF PHILOSOPHICAL HERMENEUTICS (RESEARCH > ANALYSIS > INTERPRETATION > EVALUATION)
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